Indigenous knowledge in conservation of crop genetic resources by JГјrg Schneider Download PDF EPUB FB2
It makes the conservation and multiplication of plant genetic resources an essential strategy for development of crop genotypes with resilience to climate change and for achieving the overall goal of food security.
Indigenous traditional knowledge, handed down from generation to generation over centuries, Cited by: 1. Indigenous knowledge and traditional conservation of hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare) germplasm resources in the Tibetan communities of Shangri-la, Yunnan, SW China Author: Li, Yali, Long, Chunlin, Kato, Kenji, Yang, Chunyan, Sato, Kazuhiro Source: Genetic resources and crop evolution v no.5 pp.
ISSN: Subject:Cited by: 9. Preface. Since the dawn of cultivation, man has created a myriad of crop forms which have provided a wealth of genetic diversity in most crop species. Yet an ever increasing world population, and the introduction of improved cultivars into the centers of crop diversity have caused serious erosion of much of the world's indigenous crop germplasm.
Plant genetic resources and traditional knowledge comprise an inimitable universal heritage, and their conservation and utilization are of instantaneous concern. The crucial role in ensuring food security is played by the agro-based industries and enterprises. Advances in plant genetic resources coupled with traditional knowledge of the local tribes and native practices facilitate achievement of food security.
indigenous knowledge (i.e. agriculture, forestry, and fish resources) contributes Indigenous knowledge in conservation of crop genetic resources book to the biodiversity conservation of a country.
However, this knowledge has been lost or denigrated due to lack of knowledge of the importance of indigenous system. Consequently, that there does not seem to be enough efforts in recording and applying those. Farmer or folk crop varieties developed over many generations by indigenous farmers are an important component of global crop genetic resources for use by both industrial and indigenous agriculture.
Smallholder farmers can use diversity of crops as a resource to adapt their crops to environmental changes. In their fields and in the nearby wild areas, there is a huge diversity of plants, which continue to evolve and adapt to changing conditions and so can be used to provide useful genes for new crops.
The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian centre of diversity, germplasm collection and conservation in Ethiopia and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources. A broad range of food and feed crops and plants of medicinal and industrial importance are discussed, both at a national and international level.
Crop genetic diversity to reduce pest s and disease s on-farm Supported by the CGIAR FORD FOUNDATION Environment Host Pathogen Crop genetic diversity to reduce pests anddiseases on-farm Participatory diagnosis guidelines. Version I Molecular tools in plant genetic resources conservation: a guide to the technologies A.
Karp, S. Kresovich. Indigenous knowledge in environmental conservation Indigenous knowledge is one of the greatest assets of a community. In a time when the climate is changing this knowledge can help them to adapt to these changes and control the environment around them.
This story is about a research project focused on the role of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) in File Size: 1MB. Indigenous Knowledge for Biodiversit Conservation Indigenous peoples with a historical continuity of resource-use practices often possess a broad knowledge base of the behaviorof complex ecological systems in theirown localities.
This knowledge has accumulated through a long series of observations transmitted from generation to generation. The results show that indigenous knowledge and institutions play a significant role in conserving natural resources in the study area.
There was gender differentiation in knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) of indigenous knowledge as applied to sustainable land : Chris A. Shisanya. “The book aims to improve the national and international governance of access and benefit sharing (ABS) of genetic resources and Indigenous knowledge,” he said.
“It also explores key historical, doctrinal, and theoretical issues, and suggests ways to reimagine the governance of biodiversity, genetic resources and intellectual property.
This book details the principles of on farm conservation of indigenous seeds. Experiences about on farm conservation efforts from the field has been presented.
It also has a compilation of organisations involved in on farm conservation efforts giving a brief outline about their work and the ways in which farmers are benefitted by such efforts.
Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights PART II INTERNATIONAL INITIATIVES 4. International Intellectual Property Law 5. Folklore, Cultural Heritage and Traditional Knowledge 6. Genetic Resources and Biodiversity Conservation 7.
Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples PART III REGIONAL AND NATIONAL MEASURES : Paul Kuruk. Genetic diversity and conservation and utilization of plant genetic Rao et al., ).
However, plant genetic resource conservation merits far greater attention than it is now receiving. Over the past few years, there have broaden the genetic base of crop plants requiring ac-cess to a large amount of genetic diversity. Although,File Size: KB. Cheesman is a major food security crop in Southern Ethiopia, where it was originally domesticated and during millennia became pivotal crop around which an entire farming system has developed.
Although its cultivation is highly localized, the enset-based farming system provides sustenance to more than 20 million by: For Tibetans in Shangri-la, the crop has a high socio-cultural value. The genetic diversity of landraces managed by the farmers in Shangri-la is an extremely important germplasm resource.
We recorded a total of 54 landraces that are primarily described by farmers based on their cooking quality, growth cycle, color and size of the by: 9. Conservation Strategy for Crop Diversity Collections in the SADC Region 2 arrange and provide for the regional collections to be safely duplicated at SPGRC and at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway, to ensure a safe backup; make available in accordance with Article 15 of the International Treaty for Plant Genetic.
CROP PLANTS CONSERVED BY TRIBALS AS SOURCE OF FOOD. The ethnic and indigenous people have conserved several plants and endangered cultivars of agricultural crops such as rice, maize, millets, grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables which have originated under diverse agro-ecological climates in north -east, central and peninsular region of India, the indigenous communities have their.
UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT – Vol. III - The Conservation And Utilization Of Crop Genetic Resources In The Tropics - W.
Roca, C. Ynouye, C. Espinoza, C, Zorrilla, A. Salas, R. Gómez, A. Panta and I. Manrique ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Cecilia Ynouye is a biologist graduated in from. collective consent.
The collective rights to lands and resources of Indigenous peoples have been acknowledged by many governments of the world in their constitutions and in international provisions’. 6 Defined by Gadgil et al (M. Gadgil, F. Berkes and C. Folke ( ) (‘Indigenous Knowledge for Biodiversity Conservation’.
A key event in the conservation of plant genetic resources was the establishment of the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) (now Bioversity International) inwhose mandate was to promote and assist in the worldwide effort to collect and conserve the plant germplasm needed for future research and production.
IBPGR mobilized scientists to create a global network of gene banks. Global distribution of plant genetic resources. In general, the highest number of species of vascular plants is found in the humid tropics and subtropics .The species number strongly declines from the tropics and subtropics towards the temperate and polar zone north and south of the equator, indicating that hotspots of biodiversity are mainly associated with warm and humid tropical Cited by: 3.
[NAIROBI] The second phase of a project to conserve the genetic resources of some indigenous crops and vegetables in eastern Africa has been launched in Kenya.
During the launch last month (12 November) scientists recommended conservation of the diversity of the crops’ genetic resources to prevent climate change from making them become extinct. Participatory Approaches to the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources Ethiopia evaluation facilitate farming communities farming systems field formal Friis-Hansen Gender Analysis genetic diversity genetic resources conservation genetic resources management germplasm household ICRISAT identify indigenous knowledge institutions 5/5(1).
Indigenous Knowledge, Biodiversity Conservation and Development Keynote Address by D. Michael Warren, Director "To acquire a comprehensive base of knowledge for genetic resource conservation, the genetic establishment must accept a mandate to be concerned not only with germplasm but also the knowledge systems that produce it" (Brush Genes in the Field provides an interdisciplinary foundation for an important new conservation program: maintaining biological resources of crop plants within the systems where they have evolved.
The book offers a truly global vision of the on-farm conservation movement and, like no other before it, provides a comprehensive review of the issues and challenges of on-farm conservation of genetic. Richards, P () Farmer knowledge and plant genetic resources management.
In: Engels, J (editor). In situ Conservation and Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in Developing Countries.
Rome: IPGRI, pp. 52 – Cited by: 6. conservation of rice genetic diversity on-farm.” International Rice Research News, 29(2): Soleri, Daniela and David Cleveland. “Farmer selection and conservation of crop varieties,” in Encyclopedia of Plants and Crop Science, pp.
Marcel Dekker Inc. New York. Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning et al. (eds) File Size: 1MB.Zurück zum Zitat Altieri M, Merrick CL: In situ conservation of crop genetic resources through maintenance of traditional farming systems. Econ Bot./BF CrossRef Altieri M, Merrick CL: In situ conservation of crop genetic resources through maintenance of traditional farming systems.
Econ Bot.The Role of Indigenous Peoples in Biodi ersity Conser ation Indigenous Peoples. Traditional Indig-enous Territories encompass up to 22 percent of the world’s land surface and they coincide with areas that hold 80 per-cent of the planet’s biodiversity. Also, the greatest diversity of indigenous groupsFile Size: 5MB.